Building a community is at the heart of the design concept of the New Hidegkuti Nándor Stadium. Due to its unique architectural design, the stadium provides the atmosphere of a real arena in spite of its lower, 5000-seat capacity. Therefore we consider it a ‘football capsule’ - a new category on the palette of building types.
Both sport and architecture are able to integrate people. The sport club MTK was founded in 1888. Since then, its football division has become Hungarian Champion 23 times and due to its several international matches it plays a significant role in the football life of Hungary. However, the ‘close family’ of the fans is a closed yet heterogeneous community, which is integrated through their passion for the club. Being designed mainly for them, the stadium contains a smaller functional program than a usual arena with a huge capacity. Meanwhile, the building functions also as headquarters of the club and, in addition, it must be suitable for other sports, like American football as well.
During the design process the main challenge was to create a real space for the community in spite of the relatively small capacity of the stadium.
The Uj Hidegkuti Nandor Stadium, named after the famous football player of the Golden Team, is located on the site of the former MTK Stadium in an industrial suburb of Budapest. The building had been demolished due to its bad condition and obsolete functional relations. The new pitch was built on the very spot of the former athletic track preserving its position under the street level. However, we turned it into the north-south axis and slightly changed its size as well, in order to meet the requirements of modern football stadiums. Regarding its low capacity and the restricted opportunities of the narrow site, the stands were set opposite to each other along the west and east sides of the pitch.
The building is drawn back from Hungaria Boulevard so an elegant public square welcomes the guests in front of the main entrance.
Arriving from the street fans are able to move straight to the east stand, as a clear and spacious way leads them there. The main volume of the stadium is joined to the west stand. VIP, media areas, players’ zone and the new headquarter of the club were set in this four-story building part. Bars, restaurants and other retail areas are set on the southern part of the stadium and they can serve all people in the city during the whole year.
Designing a stadium for lower capacity generated innovative architectural solutions.
The external appearance of the building is divided into two different parts by a characteristic, slanting, concrete plate. The volume for public use is set under the plate, while the roof of the stadium is situated over it. The roof with a membrane sheeting tensioned to a steel skeleton creates the dynamic form of the building. Its energetic lines evoke the light upper body of a car. This effect is also emphasized by the ribbon-like section over the main public entrance. The volume under the slanting plate with its sharp, folded edges reminds us to an origami that blends well with the industrial environment of the stadium.
This architectural concept also appears in the design of the inner surfaces around the pitch. In this way, the stadium bowl is created by the union of the two stands opposite each other and the consciously formed masses along the north and south sides of the football pitch. This acoustically rated, closed seating bowl is able to guarantee the same experience that is generally expected from stadiums designed for ten thousands of guests. Our notion ‘football capsule’ is intended to call the attention to the importance of applying unique architectural solutions instead of boring routine ones in the case of small-sized stadiums as well.
- Project Name MTK Uj Hidegkuti Nandor Stadium
- Location Budapest, Hungary
- Capacity 5000 visitors
- Completion 2016
- General Design BORD Architectural Studio
- Head Architect Péter Bordás
- Coordinating Architect Kata Zih
- Architect Team Róbert Benke, Péter Bukovszky, Zsófi Dobay, Róbert Gulyás, Béla Marsal, Tamás Mezey, Dorottya Répai, Tamás Tolvaj, István Ulmann, Eszter É. Vágvölgyi, Réka Zsólyomi
- Mechanical Engineering BORD Architectural Studio - Zoltán Hollókövi
- Structural Engineering Hydrastat Mérnöki Iroda Ltd. - Zsigmond Dezső
- Photograghs Tamás Bujnovszky, György Palkó
- Video MÁS Production - Zsófia Csató, Árpád Barta